The period that began with the appearance of the Beatles and came to an end with the student revolts of 68 (Paris, Berkeley) is one of the most fertile periods, as regards the abolition of social conventions and the emergence of a form of cultural radicalism for western societies.

Greece was no exception. This rupture started from the acceptance and appropriation of a new style of music (rock n' roll), but quickly expanded to individual behaviours (with emphasis on the relationships between the sexes), to collective expression, but also to aesthetics in general. At the same time, works of Greek artists, such as Epitaphios by M. Theodorakis or Fortigo by D. Savopoulos, which introduced innovations in the expression, had a large appeal to the youth of that period. A new generation of composers emerged, such as M. Loizos, S. Xarchakos, G. Markopoulos etc., a new style of music met with unexpected success ("Neo Kyma"), while the "golden" age of the popular song continued.

Almost all development was interrupted at the end of the decade with the enforcement by the military coup of a harsh censorship. Special mention should be made to the transition from the radio, which flourished until the end of the decade (its big success was the programme Pikri, mikri mou agapi), to television, which started to broadcast officially, in an experimental form, in 1966 (YENED).

Theatre flourished in the beginning of the decade, but what truly took off was cinema. Acclaimed films, like Never on Sunday, met with international recognition, promoting folklore as the most important distinguishing element of modern Greece abroad. Particularly interesting is that there were many new creators that functioned outside the dominant commercial circuit of that period (A. Damianos, P. Voulgaris, L. Papastathis etc). In conclusion, during that period fine arts flourished and renewed their way of expression.