was the fruit of the bitterness following the 1897 defeat but also of the demand for revival.
With its epic-lyrical composition, Palamas's work, like the refuser and visionary gypsy of the poem, envisions a national renaissance after the
collapse, the building of a new world after
the dismantling of the old. The persona of the gypsy combines, as Mario Vitti observes,
elements 'from the oriental deity of the gypsy and the criticism of society of
the bohemian', common subjects of the period, whereas the pattern of atonement and redemption
formed a point of departure for many younger poets, such as
Angelos Sikelianos, Kostas Varnalis and Nikos Kazantzakis. Dodekalogos tou
Gyftou is the culmination of Palamas's poetry both as concerns the issues it raised
and its aesthetic achievement.