In this period of reclassification and restructuring, criticism developed into new and more elaborate forms. The periodicals

Panathinaia (under the direction of Grigorios Xenopoulos), Techni, Akritas (under the direction of Sotiris Skipis) and naturally Noumas were particularly effected. Noumas criticized katharevousa and the status quo, and also offered pure literary criticism, from writers such as Dimitris Tangopoulos and Rigas Golfis.

This period also saw the development of histories of literature, by Ilias Voutieridis and Aristos Kampanis. The important critic Yannis Apostolakis emerged. Equipped with a rare literary and philosophical education and a highly critical spirit, he criticized his contemporary writers and Palamas. He was the first to contemplate folk songs not with strictly folkloric criteria but, rather, literary criteria. He also analyzed the works of Solomos. Other critics who appeared at this time were Photos Politis, a playwright and a man of the theatre generally, Spyros Melas, Gerasimos Spatalas, Markos Avgeris, who, after the war, became the greatest Marxist critic of the country. The poet Kostas Varnalis also wrote literary criticism, applying here as well his Marxist approach.